The atmosphere of the Moon is really weak, so there are no changes after a footprint, however there is a huge amount of dust there. The temperature can be really different during the Earth calendar day, as the ground doesn’t hold the heat or cold. During the day when the Moon reflects the sunlight, the temperature reaches 273°F, while it is - 243°F in the shadow.
Moon features according to the equipment information:
Numbers kindly provided by NASA:
The distance from Moon to Earth: 238,855 miles (384,400 km)
Closest distance to the Earth: 225,700 miles (363,300 km)
The farthest distance to the Earth: 252,000 miles (405,500 km)
Orbit circumference: 1,499,618.58 miles (2,413,402 km)
Mean orbit speed: 2,287 mph (3,680.5 km/h)
There is such phenomenon as moon’s gravity, which pushes Earth’s orbit leading to rises and falls of sea level. Rises and falls are tides are considered to be tides. There are similar but less influential tides in Earth’s crust and small water pools like lakes.
High tides occur when the water rises in its level, analogically low tides occur when the level of water decreases. When the Earth is in its closest location to the Moon, we see high tides, also it occurs on the other side of the Earth because of water’s inertia. As for the low tides, they happen in the intervals between previous high tides.
The influence of the Moon also makes the Earth rotate slower. It is called ‘tidal braking’ that makes our day longer for 2.3 miliseconds per 100 years. Because of the energy that Earth loses on the run, the Earth and Moon get farther and farther from each other every year by 1.5”.
The Moon’s participation in life and conditions on Earth is very important. Its gravity push has been shaping and controlling the right degree of Earth’s axis. As a result, we have favorable living conditions for organisms on our planet and the right climate.
The Moon isn’t the only one who has power over Earth. There is a new research that assumes that the Earth’s gravity has impacted the shape of the Moon at the very formation of the Moon.