Apollo Series

apollo program, emblem

Apollo Moon project idea was firstly announced and implemented in the 60s-70s. In May, 1961 the program was announced. However, by this time there were no proper spaceships to handle the flight to the Moon with landing and return on the Earth. Then some appropriate research was done. The approach they used included Saturn V rocket - a 50-tonspaceship. Few samples of Saturn spaceship were constructed and few additional needed vehicles were created as well. Apollo spaceships had special rocket power, which enabled a possibility to slow down when they come closer to the lunar surface. Also, Apollo series consisted of few attached vehicles - lunar modules, with independent rocket power and places for two astronauts inside. Lunar modules are used to take two astronauts on the Moon surface and back on the orbit station.

apollo, test capsule

The first Apollo mission with people was a tragic one, though it was only a testing of the spacecraft, the ignition occurred and burnt all three astronauts on the board. It happened on January 27, 1967. A year later in October, a few Apollo flights without people inside were made to the Earth orbit. Then, Apollo 8 made the first successful attempt on manned approaching to the Moon's orbit and came back home safe and sound. The Apollo 9 mission had to check the lunar modules condition on the Earth's orbit. Apollo 10 took a journey to the lunar module to test modules on practice and moved through 50,000 feet of the Moon's surface. Famous Apollo 11 mission took all the previous steps made by other missions and successfully landed two astronauts on the soil of the Moon. Neil Armstrong became the first man ever to walk the surface of the Moon on July, 20 1969.

Apollo 13 is also very famous, but with a tragic sort of fame. In April, 1970, Apollo 13 spacecraft was exposed to the explosion in the hydrogen tank, but astronauts and control missions on the Earth managed to cope with accident and the crew came home alive. Further Apollo missions were mostly of scientific and investigative characters, bringing home more than 840 pounds of lunar soil and samples, as well as making solar wind experiments and taking the information about the climate and characteristics on the Moon. As a result, 12 American astronauts walked the surface of the Moon and 6 scientific missions on the Moon were completed in terms of Apollo program.

Apollo 11: First Men to Walk the Moon

apollo 11

Apollo 11 consisted of the astronauts that have been in a space before and were very professional. Every astronaut out of three had been in space before the Apollo 11 mission.


Apollo 13: Facts about almost a Tragedy Aboard

apollo 13

Today, we know that NASA are very concerned about the security of astronauts in the space, instantly working on innovations, while the case of Apollo 13 showed how dangerous their work in an open space is.


Apollo 17: The Last Men on the Moon

apollo 17

In the end, the program that took twelve people to the moon's surface was marked by Apollo 17. Although it was the last mission by man - so far - there were still some surprises for humanity to discover.